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Nationalism and Gender
by Chizuku Ueno
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A discursive battle over how the nation’s history should be remembered constitutes the most recent, and perhaps the most explosive, round in a struggle over the legitimacy of different understandings of the past and the focus on the ‘comfort women’ issue. A foremost feminist theorist, Chizuko Ueno confronts head on in her usual lucid and hard-hitting style the various actors in the debate and skilfully cuts through the arguments of the neo-nationalist ‘historical revisionists’, who have attempted to deny or minimalise the reality of the former ‘comfort women’. Ueno’s equally biting treatment of her natural allies - left-wing historians and feminist supporters of the ‘comfort women’ - also makes the book highly controversial.

Translator’s introduction
Part I: Nationalism and gender
Preface – Methodological issues; The paradigm change in post-war history; The paradigm change in women’s history; The nationalisation of women and the general mobilisation system; The feminist response; The women’s version of the ‘Surmounting the Modern’ School; The case of Yamakawa Kikue: Female socialist or socialist women’s liberationist?; The ‘perpetrator responsibility’ of ordinary women; The nation-state’s gender strategy and its dilemma; The paradox of the gender strategy; The ‘conversion’ issue for women; Ideals that transcend the ‘state’; Questioning the reflexive school of women’s history; How do we transcend the ‘nationalisation of women’?
Part II: A consideration of the ‘military comfort women’ Issue
The ‘triple crime’; The nation’s shame: The patriarchal paradigm; The ‘purity’ of Korean women; The ‘wartime rape’ paradigm; The ‘prostitution’ paradigm; A ‘system of sexual slavery’: The sexual violence paradigm; The ‘ethnic’ discourse; The darkness of ‘collaboration with Japan’; The theory of Japanese uniqueness vs the universal theory of ‘military controlled prostitution’; Sex, class and ethnicity; The ‘truth’ of the ‘comfort women’ issue and multiple histories
Part III: The Politics of ‘memory’
Japanese-style ‘historical revisionism’; The challenge to gender history; ‘Positivism history’ and the myth of oObjective and neutral’ scholarship; Historicization and ahistoricization; Oral history; Historical narrative; Reflexive history; Transcending the nation-state; Can feminism transcend nationalism?

Published by Trans Pacific Press
Published 2004, 263 pp.
ISBN 1 876843 53 5, hardback, £48.00
ISBN 1 876843 59 4, paperback, £19.99